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Forms of Medical Marijuana

Products Available

Forms of Medical Marijuana

What forms of

Medical Marijuana

are allowed in Louisiana?

What are Medical Cannabis Tinctures?

Medical cannabis tinctures are packaged in a 30 mL glass bottle with a dropper. Tincture dosages are easy to self-titrate and measure. Tinctures are easily absorbed by the liver, so the effects are felt more quickly than in pill or gelatin based chewable form. Because of this, tinctures represent an effective method of consumption for precise dosing.

Tinctures are administered either:

Orally
You place the instructed dosage into your mouth and swallow. You should start to feel the effects coming on between 30 to 90 minutes, with a peak maximum effect reached after two to three hours, and last for about 4 to 12 hours, depending on the dose.

Sublingually
You place the instructed dosage under your tongue and hold for 30 seconds and then swallow. This helps get the medicine into your bloodstream quicker and is a preferred method that will allow you to feel the effects coming on faster and stronger.

What are Topical Creams?

Topicals can include cannabis-infused lotions, balms, and oils that are absorbed through the skin for localized relief of pain, soreness, and inflammation. Topicals are often used by patients who want the therapeutic benefits of marijuana without the cerebral euphoria associated with other delivery methods as they are non-intoxicating.

What are Gelatin Based Chewables?

This is an edible form of medicine that contains cannabis. A popular method of delivery for medicinal marijuana, people should exercise caution when using edibles, especially for the first time. Patients should always adhere to the recommended dosage.

What is a Distillate Syringe (RSO)?

It is a highly concentrated oil that can be used sublingually underneath the tongue or orally indigested.

What is a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI)?

Charged with natural extracts of cannabis, the aerosol sprayed from a metered dose inhaler is coarser than smoke yielding more cannabinoids per dose. Very little of the product (~5%) dissipates or is exhaled, allowing you to medicate without exposing others to significant second hand aerosol.

As the medical marijuana program grows in Louisiana, we expect more dosage forms to become approved and/or available.

In the state of Louisiana, the currently acceptable forms of medical marijuana in Louisiana, approved by the legislature, are oils, extracts, tinctures, sprays, capsules, pills, solutions, suspensions, gelatin-based chewables, lotions, transdermal patches, suppositories, and metered dose inhalation.

Tinctures

Medical cannabis tinctures are packaged in a 30 mL glass bottle with a dropper. Tincture dosages are easy to self-titrate and measure. Tinctures are easily absorbed by the liver, so the effects are felt more quickly than in pill or gelatin based chewable form. Because of this, tinctures represent an effective method of consumption for precise dosing.

Tinctures are administered either:

Orally: You place the instructed dosage into your mouth and swallow. You should start to feel the effects coming on between 30 to 90 minutes, with a peak maximum effect reached after two to three hours, and last for about 4 to 12 hours, depending on the dose.

Sublingually: You place the instructed dosage under your tongue and hold for 30 seconds and then swallow. This helps get the medicine into your bloodstream quicker and is a preferred method that will allow you to feel the effects coming on faster and stronger.

Oils

Oil is a concentrated extract derived from the marijuana plant. Oils can be consumed in many ways, but the most common are placing under your tongue via a dropper or through a vaping device. Depending on how the oil was consumed, it typically will take up to 20 minutes to start feeling the effects.

Extracts

Extracts are a type of concentrate created using solvents (alcohol, carbon dioxide, etc.) that essentially wash the trichomes off the cannabis plant, collecting them for further refinement. All having similar effects, cannabis extracts can come in many different forms, like oils, lotions, sprays, and more.

Sprays

Cannabis sprays are another form of tincture. Sprays come in small bottles, that allows you to consume the oil. Usually used by spraying inside mouth onto cheeks and under the tongue, the effects can take approximately 30 minutes. 

Capsules

Capsuled cannabis comes in a small pill-like form, allowing the patient to ingest orally. Researchers say that a capsule pain-relieving effect may last longer throughout the day.

Solutions

Medical marijuana solutions are mixtures that dissolve thoroughly, allowing each ingredient to be equally distributed. Some cannabis solutions can include lotions.

Suspensions

In a medical marijuana suspension, there are usually two main ingredients that are unable to dissolve with one another. Therefore, there are small particles that remain intact. Most cannabis suspensions include oils. 

Gelatin-Based Chewables

Gelatin-based chewables are another option for patients who choose not or does not want to consume capsule forms of medical marijuana. When consuming chewables, the cannabis enters the bloodstream and is further digested. This then is broken down by the stomach and absorbed by the intestines. These chewables take typically 30 minutes- 1 hour to reach the maximum effect.

Lotions

Medical marijuana comes in topical forms, such as creams and lotions.  This allows the patient to rub on the lotion at any point where they may be experiencing discomfort or pain. Lotions are known to help over-worked muscles, patients with eczema and psoriasis, or any kind of aches and pains.  

Since the rate of absorption of the skin is slow, this allows the therapeutic relief to last longer, while avoiding the altered mental states from developing.  

Transdermal Patches

Transdermal patches are an easy and effective way to receive pain relief throughout the day. These medical marijuana patches allow an immediate infusion into the bloodstream allowing all day relief. Transdermal cannabis patches range in dosages and are very user friendly: it’s as simple as unwrapping and sticking it to the desired area.

Suppositories

Over the past few years the use of these medical marijuana suppositories has risen. After entering the rectal mucosa, the healing components of the plant-based medicine quickly spread to the organs and into the bloodstream. Unlike pills or any oral consumption of medical cannabis, suppositories do not allow the patient to experience a “head high”.  These are also easy to use at home and offers just as many benefits as any other product.  

Metered Dose Inhalation

Charged with natural extracts of cannabis, the aerosol sprayed from a metered dose inhaler is coarser than smoke yielding more cannabinoids per dose. Very little of the product (~5%) dissipates or is exhaled, allowing you to medicate without exposing others to significant second hand aerosol.

What Types of

Cannabidiol (CBD)

are available in Louisiana?

Types of CBD

Full Spectrum

A Full Spectrum CBD product means the product contains all compounds naturally found in the plant including compounds like CBD, CBG (Cannabigerol), CBN (Cannabinol), CBC (Cannabichromene), and THC. Full Spectrum CBD may have a stronger natural flavor and odor. Quality Full Spectrum CBD products are typically high in CBD with trace amounts of minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, as well as an extremely low concentration of THC (less than 0.30%). This extremely low concentration of THC may still appear as a positive result on a drug test. In such extremely low concentrations, consumers using Full Spectrum CBD products should not feel the psychoactive effects of THC as the THC is only present to help increase the potential “Entourage Effect.”

Broad Spectrum

Broad Spectrum CBD products are identical to Full Spectrum except the product has been processed and refined to remove THC. Broad Spectrum CBD products should contain all cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids naturally found in the plant including compounds like CBD, CBG, CBN and CBC, except THC. Based on lab results, Broad Spectrum CBD products should not have detectable levels of THC. The removal of THC makes Broad Spectrum an excellent alternative to Full Spectrum for consumers who may benefit from CBD but must take drug tests or cannot use Full Spectrum for other reasons.

Isolate

Isolate CBD products have been processed and refined to remove all compounds naturally found in the plant except CBD. Based on lab results, Isolate CBD products should contain over 99% pure CBD and should not have detectable levels of THC.

Cannabis is a plant that contains over 400 different chemical compounds. The two most commonly known naturally occurring compounds are THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol).

There are two types of cannabis plants. One type of cannabis plant is marijuana, which contains varying levels of THC, the compound that produces the “high.” Another type of cannabis plant is hemp, which has extremely low concentrations of THC (no more than 0.30%).

CBD is naturally contained in and can be extracted from either marijuana or hemp. Regardless of whether CBD is extracted from marijuana or hemp, CBD will not make you “high.”

What CBD IS

Hemp-derived CBD is legal. The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 removed hemp – cannabis plants with extremely low concentrations of THC – from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. This removal from the definition of marijuana is what legally allows companies to use hemp-derived CBD to formulate over-the-counter CBD products for purchase by consumers.

CBD is a naturally occurring compound contained in cannabis plants, which can be extracted, tested and formulated into over-the-counter products for use by consumers. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recognizes the potential opportunities that cannabis compounds like CBD may offer and acknowledges the significant public interest in these possibilities.

What CBD ISN'T
Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a “high.” CBD products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. CBD products may not be appropriate for everyone and, as in most cases, care should be taken by special populations, like children, the elderly, and pregnant or lactating women.
Our Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
Cannabis plants contain over 400 different chemical compounds. These compounds act on your endocannabinoid system (ECS), a specialized system in the human body involved in regulating almost all brain and body functions, including sleep, appetite, pain and immune system response, our ability to handle stress, and our mobility and muscle health. There have been numerous studies that highlight the potential benefits of CBD and how CBD could support the ECS.